As the capital city of Qinghai Province, Xining lies in northeast of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and is the political, economic, technological, cultural, transportation and medical center of the whole province. Xining covers an area of 7,660 km2 with its urban area of 380 km2 and built-up area of 120 km2. Under its jurisdiction, there are four districts, three counties and Xining (National) Economic and Technological Development Zone. Its population is 2.3871 million, and its urbanization rate is 72.9%. It is the only city with a population of more than one million on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and also the service base of the construction of the Source of Three Rivers and China’s Water Tower national ecological security barrier. The urban area enjoys sound ecology and pleasant environment. The annual good air quality rate of Xining is 81.1%.
The mean temperature in summer of Xining is 18.3℃, that’s the reason why it is reputed as the World Cool City and Summer Resort of China. Xining is inhabited with several minority groups, co-existed with different religions and gathers various cultures, which has formed an open and inclusive characteristic for the city. Meanwhile, it also boasts splendid folk customs and rich tourism resources, such as Kumbum Monastery, which is a renowned holy land for Tibetan Buddhism, Great Dongguan Mosque, and Qinghai Lake, which is 150 km away from Xining and is the largest inland saltwater lake in China. Xining has won the titles of National Civilized City, National Sanitary City, World Tourism City, National Forest City and National Garden City successively.
Since Xining was identified as an inland open city by the State Council in 1992, its external connection channel has been continuously widened. At present, 57 domestic and international air lines have been opened at Xining Airport; Qinghai-Tibet Railway and the Lanzhou-Xinjiang High-speed Railway have been opened to traffic, and Xining-Chengdu Railway has begun construction; Many national roads and highways intersect in Xining; A three-dimensional transportation network connecting east to west and north to south makes Xining an important hub in the western region connecting the Silk Road Economic Belt and the Yangtze River Economic Belt. It has concluded international friendship cities and friendly relations with 33 cities and regions along the Belt and Road countries. Turkmenistan has set up national purchasing and distribution center in Xining. The city has gradually become an important hub in China along the Silk Road Economic Belt and a bridgehead opening to the west. In recent years, Xining has made great efforts to develop and serve the whole province. It has been promoting urban transformation and upgrading, pragmatically advancing the smooth traffic project, continuously improving municipal infrastructure, coordinating and balancing the development between counties and urban areas. It also focuses on comprehensive construction of smart city, building urban ecological barriers, vigorously controlling environmental pollution and promoting energy conservation and emission reduction. By deepening the simplification of administration and decentralization, Xining has become the provincial capital with the fewest administrative approval matters in the country.
Through our unremitting efforts, Xining has achieved rapid economic development, improved people’s livelihood, continuously progressed society. It has become one of the cities with strong development momentum and great development potential in Western China. In 2019, the regional GDP of Xining reached 128.641 billion yuan, an increase of 9%. The total investment in fixed assets in the whole society increased by 9% year-on-year, and local public fiscal budget revenue increased by 17.4% in terms of the same statistic method and scope with the last time. The economic development of Xining reflects a sound momentum of generally stable with progress.